Color, Shape, and Form: Paul Reed and the Washington Color School
Through January 31, 2019
One of the six original WashingtonColorSchool artists, Paul Reed (1919-2015) explored color using diluted acrylic paint applied directing onto raw canvas. Reed painted in luminous, vivid colors with hard-edge forms and would come to develop a new series of work approximately every decade. Color, Shape, and Form at Bethesda Fine Art will comment on the role of these three elements through an examination of Reed’s works in conjunction with other WashingtonColorSchool artists.
Howard Mehring (1931-1978) favored sharp edges and rich tonal variations in his works, while Gene Davis (1920-1985) often used similar, repetitive colors in his vertical-striped paintings. Colorfield painter Sam Gilliam (b. 1933) experimented with materials such as handmade paper, aluminum, and plastic, creating mixed-media collages rooted in abstraction. Kenneth Victor Young (1933-2017) painted his varied orb-shaped motifs on the floor, pouring paint onto unprimed canvas, while the compositions of Cynthia Bickley-Green are inspired by the spot of light produced by external forms and direct stimulation of the visual system. The WashingtonColorSchool artists played with color and paint application to create forms and emphasize the optical experience. While works of the movement did not often reference concrete subject matter, the artists were influenced by the changes in society and culture in the 1960s.
The repetitive format of Reed’s works allowed him to explore the relationships between colors - how they vibrate, complement, and contrast - with purity and precision. He also considered form by working with canvases of different shapes. Reed’s works can be found in collections of the National Gallery of Art, the HirshhornMuseum and SculptureGarden, Dallas Museum of Art, and the Museum of FIne Arts in Boston, among many others.
KENNETH VICTOR YOUNG SPRING SHOW AT THE KATZEN ARTS CENTER
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
October 30, 2018
Bethesda Fine Art is pleased to announce the upcoming solo exhibition of paintings by Kenneth Victor Young at the American University Museum, Katzen Arts Center, opening April 6, 2019. Dexter Wimberly will be the curator and essayist for the show.
Born in Louisville, Kentucky, Young moved to Washington, DC in 1964 where he began to paint abstract forms with washed acrylics on unprimed canvas. Before launching into his career as a visual artist, Young served in the Navy, received a bachelor of science degree in painting and humanities from the University of Louisville, and taught at the Duke Ellington School and the Corcoran School of Art. Young had an illustrious 35-year career as an exhibitions designer for the Smithsonian Institution, and his extensive travels during this time helped inform his cosmic abstract style of painting. His love for jazz influenced the movement and vitality of his work. He is known for his floating colored orbs—imagery that attempts to bring order to chaos and that comments on the pandemonium of life.
Young had solo shows at Fisk University and the Corcoran School of Art in the early 1970s. His paintings were included in a group show of American artists in Paris in 1976. Thanks to the recollection of famed professor, artist, historian, and critic David Driskell, Young organized a course for Fisk University art students at the Smithsonian called "Color Me Mankind” that brought them together with museum professionals.
The Washington City Paper published an article by Kriston Capps, “Late Artist Kenneth Young is Finally Getting His Due” (June 2, 2017), highlighting the life of the enigmatic artist:
Kenneth Young’s painting is a stand-out in a room full of them. When the National Gallery of Art reopened its East Building in 2016 following a three-year renovation, the museum devoted a chunk of gallery space to legends who worked in the District. Names like Gene Davis. Kenneth Noland. Relative (1968), one of Sam Gilliam’s drape paintings… [is] pinned along one gallery wall. Morris Louis’ Beta Kappa (1961), may be the single best-known painting of the Washington Color School, hangs on the adjacent wall…. Among their works hangs Red Dance (1970), a stain painting by Young. It’s a storm of acrylic dabs on an unprimed canvas, blotches of ochre and burnt orange, a red-shifted Milky Way. The mark-making is distinct, but the mode is easy to identify. This is a Washington Color School painting, like and unlike the rest.
While Harry Cooper, director of the National Gallery of Art’s permanent collection of modern art, didn’t know of the artist previously, he believed that Young’s painting clearly belongs where it is hanging now.
After Kenneth Victor Young passed away in 2017, the S. Dillon Ripley Center hosted a Celebration of Life as a tribute to his long career at the Smithsonian Institution.
His delicate exhibition-design drawings belong to the past, an elegant refinement from a different era. But the reach of his art, his paintings, will extend long into the future. Modernism, abstraction, formalism, black images, and black experience—these modes and ideas are always being revisited and overturned. --Kriston Capps
Early in 2018, Young was part of a three-person show titled The Language of Abstraction at the University of Maryland University College along with Ed Clark and Richard Franklin, Director Eric Key, Curator Jon West-Bey. Bethesda Fine Art is proud to work with the directors and curators of both shows and to represent the paintings of Kenneth Victor Young. With sincere gratitude to Jack Rasmussen, Director, we look forward to a dynamic spring show at the American University Museum.
The friendship forged over the last five years between Margot Stein and Lori Rapaport with Kenneth Victor Young, and now with his daughter Leslie Young, has enabled this show to come to fruition.
IN THE NEWS
Bethesda Fine Art mentioned in the Montgomery County Section of The Washington Post (March 7, 2018)
Washington Color School Show reviewed in On Tap magazine (December 11, 2017)
Washington Color School show reviewed in The Washington Post (December 8, 2017)
Tribute to Kenneth Young in Washington City Paper (June 2, 2017): Late Artist Kenneth Young is Finally Getting his Due
Four works by Kenneth Victor Young, Cynthia Bickely, and James Hilleary included in the Corcoran exhibition, Full Circle: Hue and Saturation in the Washington Color School, on view June 14 through October 26, 2018
Several works by Kenneth Victor Young included in The Langauge of Abstraction, a three-man show at UMUC, on view March 4 through June 24, 2018
We are proud to announce the installation of Kenneth Victor Young's Red Dance at the National Gallery of Art, East Building.
Young's work, along with Cynthia Bickley's painting, is now installed at the newly opened MGM Grand Resort & Casino in National Harbor.
Bethesda Fine Art presents Exploring Abstraction, a selection of paintings and works on paper by more than a dozen artists that range from the carefully controlled color field "orbs" of Kenneth Victor Young to an important oil on canvas by Norman Bluhm (1959). Bluhm's tightly framed triptych features bold brushstrokes accented by drips in multiple layers. A large work by Michael Goldberg is an excellent example of his combination of thick areas of impasto and elegant flowing lines on layers of canvas.
A recent work (2010) by Sam Gilliam also involves collaged pieces of painted material. The heavy, durable paper is then die cut in some places and stitched together with thread in others. The show also includes distinguished works by Robert Goodnough, Howard Hodgkin, Andre Lanskoy, Kyle Morris, Robert Rauschenburg, Rolph Scarlett, Theodoros Stamos, and Rudolph Weisenborn. Thoughtfully exhibited together with balance of scale, color, and visual resonance, these works offer viewers an exceptional eight-decade tour of abstract art.
Washington Color School: 50 Years Later
Bethesda Fine Art presents Washington Color School: 50 Years Later, on view through December 15, 2017. This important selection of museum-quality works by icons of the Washington Color School marks a half century after this group of painters first solidified Washington’s place in the national art scene. Their exhibition at the former Washington Gallery of Modern Art impressed critics and collectors alike and defined what is considered the city's signature movement. Characterized by controlled, hard edge, and stain techniques, this loosely formed group moved away from the gestural pictures of their predecessors, the Abstract Expressionists. Artists: Cynthia Bickley, Gene Davis, Mark Dagley, Thomas Downing, Sam Gilliam, Robert Goodnough, James Hilleary, Jacob Kainen, Dan Yellow Khune, Willem de Looper, Howard Mehring, Paul Reed, and Kenneth Victor Young.
The Art of Kenneth Young: 1933-2017
For the first time, Bethesda Fine Art presents a retrospective of the late artist Kenneth Young. The show features the evolution of the artist’s paintings from the 1960s and '70s through the early 2000s. Works are shown from museum and individual collections, as well as the artist’s private collection.
Made in DC: Washington Color School and More
This show features works from the '60s and '70s by Gene Davis, Sam Gilliam, Cynthia Bickley, Kenneth Victor Young, and others.
Kenneth Victor Young: Washington Color School Artist Rediscovered
Bethesda Fine Art's exhibition Kenneth Victor Young: Washington Color School Rediscovered was on view November 15-December 20, 2014. It featured a retrospective of the artist’s paintings from the 1960s and '70s from museum and individual collections, as well as the artist’s private collection.
Kenneth Victor Young, Red Dance, 1970, acrylic on canvas.
Below: A children's class learns about color field painting through Young's work.
Below: Installation at National Gallery of Art